Gynecologic Cancer Care in Portland-Vancouver

What are Gynecologic Cancers?

Gynecologic cancer refers to a group of cancers that begin in a woman’s reproductive organs. These cancers include cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, vaginal cancer, vulvar cancer, and endometrial or uterine cancers. Each of these cancers is unique with different causes, risk factors, and treatment options. However, across all of the gynecologic cancers, treatment is most effective when the cancer is found early. Therefore, understanding more about women's cancers, their risk factors, and their symptoms can lower your chance of developing an advanced stage gynecologic cancer.

Recently Diagnosed with a Gynecologic Cancer?

We understand that a gynecologic cancer diagnosis can be overwhelming, and you probably have many questions. Whether you have an appointment with a gynecologic specialist at Compass Oncology, or you are receiving treatment elsewhere, we hope this guide will help you prepare for your first oncology appointment.

Download the Guide for Women Diagnosed with Gynecologic Cancer

Common Types of Gynecological Cancers

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian (or tubal cancers) can develop on the external surface of the ovary or tube, or inside the ovary or tube itself.

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer forms in the cells lining the cervix or the lower part of a woman’s uterus that connects to the vagina.

Uterine Cancer

Endometrial cancer, or uterine cancer, typically originates in the lining of the uterus and is the most frequently diagnosed gynecologic cancer.

Less Common Types of Gynecological Cancers

Vaginal Cancer

Cancers that begin in the vagina are called vaginal cancer. Most vaginal cancers are caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV).

Vulvar Cancer

Occurs on the vulva, the external part of the female genitals, including the clitoris, the vaginal lips, the opening to the vagina, and the surrounding skin and tissue.

Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor

Also known as GTD; it’s a rare form of gynecologic cancer that causes tumors to form in the tissues of the uterus that surrounds an egg (the placenta) after its fertilized.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Gynecological Cancers


Our gynecological cancer specialists have compiled some frequently asked questions to get you through some of your first questions.

Gynecologic Surgical Oncology


We offer an integrated team-oriented approach to provide patients with the best possible care for every type of gynecological cancer, whether it’s ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, or another type of female cancer. Although every patient’s journey is different, it’s possible that surgery might be part of the gynecologic cancer treatment plan. 

Our gynecologic surgeons specialize in the treatment of gynecologic cancers, are up-to-date on the advanced surgical techniques, the latest clinical trials, and are dedicated to providing their patients with the least invasive and most individualized options for care.

Gynecologic Cancer Clinical Trials and Research


We offer clinical research trials for gynecologic cancer patients in Portland, OR, and Vancouver, WA. Because we participate in clinical trials through Sarah Cannon Research Institute (SCRI), a joint venture with US Oncology Research, patients have participated in clinical research trials that have led to new cancer therapies being approved by the FDA. We're currently working on finding new treatment options for ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, fallopian cancer, and peritoneal cancer.

Genetics and Gynecologic Cancers


Genetic testing is available at our cancer treatment centers throughout the Portland-Vancouver area to help patients and their families determine if there is a hereditary link to a gynecologic cancer, like ovarian cancer. This helps determine the right cancer treatment options for the patient and helps family members make more informed decisions for their own health and if they need to be tested for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) and other cancer-related syndromes.


Patient Resources


From support groups and genetic counseling to financial counseling with our Patient Benefit Representatives, the cancer specialists at Compass Oncology are here for you every step of the way. We encourage you to learn more and take advantage of our supportive care services.

Resources for Gynecologic Cancer Survivors


With a gynecologic cancer diagnosis comes the need for support. There are many support groups and organizations to choose from that will help you in every step of your journey with group gatherings, reading materials, and more.

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