Cervical cancer is a type of gynecologic cancer that begins developing in a woman's cervix, which is the lower, narrow part of the uterus. The uterus holds the growing fetus during pregnancy. The cervix connects the lower part of the uterus to the vagina and, with the vagina, forms the birth canal.
Cervical cancer is normally slow-growing cancer that's almost always caused by a human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. You can visit our blog to learn more about HPV, including what it is and how to prevent it.
This information is only about invasive cervical cancer. It's not about precancer, abnormal cells found only on the surface of the cervix, or other cervical changes. These cell changes are treated differently from invasive cervical cancer. Women with abnormal cervical cells only on the surface may want to read the NCI booklet Understanding Cervical Changes: A Health Guide for Women. It tells about abnormal cells and describes treatments.
Cervical cancer is nearly always preventable when screenings are performed regularly.
The HPV test helps identify women who are at higher risk for cervical cancer. The Pap test helps identify pre-cancerous conditions so they can be treated and not develop into cancer.
After a patient is diagnosed with cervical cancer, your doctor needs to learn the extent of the disease.
This is called staging, and it will help you and your cancer care team choose the best treatment for you.
There are five stages of cervical cancer, that can be determined through exams, imaging, and testing.
Women with cervical cancer often have several treatment options, including:
Our gynecologic cancer specialists will walk you through your best cervical cancer treatment options.
This information and more about Cervical Cancer is provided by the National Cancer Institute, Or ask your cancer care team about your individual situation.