Esophageal cancer is a cancer that occurs in the esophagus. The esophagus is the long, hollow tube that moves food and liquid from the back of your throat to your stomach to be digested. The wall of the esophagus is made up of several layers of tissue, including mucous membrane, muscle, and connective tissue. Esophageal cancer starts in the inner lining and spreads outward through the other layers as it grows.
The specific causes of esophageal cancer remain uncertain. However, there are various factors that can increase your risk of developing the disease.
If you are experiencing any signs or symptoms of esophageal cancer, such as:
Your doctor may use one or more tests or procedures in order to diagnose esophageal cancer, including an esophagoscopy.
You and your oncologist will work together to decide on the cancer treatment that’s best for you, based on the stage of your esophageal cancer and other factors. Treatment options can include: